At the end of the XVIIIth century, a fashion grew up in France
Anglo-Chinese gardens melt with the greatest care trees, lawns and buildings in Chinese but also Oriental or Greco-Roman style (temples, altars, pavilions ...).
The French "parcs à fabriques" used a lot of small ornamental buildings called fabriques, set up in the park with a philosophical device. Some of them also had a function : icehouses, settlements, sheep-folders, diaries ... A lot of them were built to look like ruins. They were coordinated with rare trees, meadows, greenhouses, rocks and ponds. The whole was designed to improve feelings, manage surprises and create paths.
Born in England, Anglo-Chinese gardens were accepted in Sweden and Germany. The style rose latter in France. But he climaterized there from 1775 to 1790. Then it was sunk by the Révolution.
Méréville, the Désert de Retz and Ermenonville were on the pinnacle. Each of them had been the great affair of its owner's life.
More or less, all three decayed, but the remainders still allow an overwhelming tour, giving us a touch of this era.