Anglo-Chinese gardens of Europe

The temple of Echo in the Haga



the Haga Park

other places

After his visit to the Désert de Retz and Ermenonville, Gustavus III of Sweden planned to transform the park of Haga.   However, Drottningholm, another Swedish royal palace, where a Chinese pavilion had been built as early as 1753, reminds us that France was quite late to accept the Anglo-Chinese style.

The Chinese pavilion of Drottningholm
  (20 miles south-west of Stockholm, Sweden)

In the grounds of Drottningholm external link, an Anglo-Chinese park (Kina Slott) contains a main pavilion and some smaller ones. The former Chinese pavilion was built in 1753 as a birthday gift for the queen Lovisa Ulrika (Gustavus III's mother). Ten years later it was replaced by the present building.

One of the surrounding smaller Chinese pavilion is "Confidence" (in French) where royal guests could enjoy dinner out of the view of dumb servants (only dinner ?).

A Turkish tent, in the style of the tents of the Haga, also stand in the park. But I don't know if it is in the main grounds, or in the Kina Slott.

Other places;

Baldersnäs external link in the Dalsland, ( 20 kilometres south-east at the east side of Laxsjön), a romantic park.

Forsmark external link, a city born from iron work, where Samuel af Ugglas, the blast-furnace master, built an elegant manor with an English park including ponds, bridges, a temple and an obelisk.

Godegård external link another park with serpentine paths created by a blast-furnace master.

The castle of Grönsöö external link settles in the Enköping area. In the park, a Chinese pavilion had been built in 1786, inspired from the landscape architect William Chambers. It stands on a forepart along the shore of the lake Mälaren.
The park had been modified during the XIXth century and again in 1920. The Chinese Pavilion is still surrounded by an English garden where remains a temple made of iron.

The English park of Löfstad slott external link, was arranged with grottoes and temple. It seems to be close to Sturefors and could be the eponym park mentioned by Osvald Siren.

Rosersberg external link, another royal estate, bought in 1762 by Charles XIIIth of Sweden. In the park, grottoes and temples.

Rydboholm external link a Chinese pavilion in the manor park.

Skärva external link, a country hall to an admiral, who arranged a romantic garden in 1786 decorated with dedicated urns and a temple of goddess Diana, in the fashion of the  Leasowes.

Stora Nyckelviken external link, in the park of late XVIIIth century, now a local museum, a pavilion had been arranged in 1750, reportedly said to have been in Chinese style. Now it looks vernacular external link.

Tyresö external link, a castle among grounds including a garden designed in 1767 by Frederik Magnus Piper, a foreplay to the Haga.

Vällinge external link, a park designed at the corner of 1800 by Fredrik Magnus Piper. It's featured with an hermitage, similar to the philosopher's cabin in Ermenonville.

Kindest acknowledgments to the Curator of the Haga, for his extensive documentation
and to Kirk Johnson, contributor external link to Suite101, for his kind corrections to this English translation.

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Copyright of the author : Dominique Césari
Last update : Tuesday, February the 29th, 2000